Right-wing extremism is certainly a well-used phrase in today’s popular culture. Odds are, you can look at news bulletins for any given week and one political party or another will be described as a ‘right-wing extremist group’ or a bunch of ‘right-wing radicals’ – but what do we actually mean by this phrase?
For many people, the phrase is simply synonymous with neo-Nazis, or white-supremacist groups- but the movement itself is far more nuanced. Cas Mudde in 1995 performed a meta-analysis (fancy word for put lots of studies together) in an attempt to come to an agreeable definition of modern right-wing extremism.
In his analysis, Mudde noted several factors as being generally encompassed by modern right-wing movements; nationalism, racism, xenophobia, an anti-pluralist (in some cases anti-democratic) tendency and the desire to empower a strong militaristic state.
Simply put, the cases you will explore as you wander through this site have all been chosen because, to one degree or another, the individual or group responsible for committing extreme violence has done so under the guise of these traits. They represent the apex of right-wing extremism. All the way from Anders Breivik in Norway to Zack Davies in Wales, take a look at our case studies and explore this issue for yourself.
A deep-rooted and often violent ideological mind-set, right-wing movements are growing in strength and number across Europe, the US and elsewhere. Indeed it has been suggested that right-wing extremists averaged 337 attacks per year in the decade after 9/11, causing a total of 254 fatalities- far higher than that of Islamist extremists.